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Gardnerella vaginalis

Gardnerella Vaginalis

Definition Gardnerella vaginalis is the name of a micro-aerophilic coccobacillus found in the vaginal flora. Gardnerella vaginalis does not cause bacterial vaginosis (vaginal infection) unless...
Acetic Acid

Acetic Acid

Definition Acetic acid is a mildly corrosive monocarboxylic acid. Otherwise known as ethanoic acid, methanecarboxylic acid, hydrogen acetate or ethylic acid, this organic compound is...
Amino Acids

Amino Acids

Definition Amino acids are the building blocks of polypeptides and proteins and play important roles in metabolic pathway, gene expression, and cell signal transduction regulation....
BCAA supplements: a muscle myth?

Branched Chain Amino Acids

Definition The branched-chain amino acids or BCAAs, leucine, isoleucine, and valine are three of the nine nutritionally essential amino acids. These three ingredients form a...
Sulfuric acid

Sulfuric Acid

Definition Sulfuric acid (sulphuric acid) is a corrosive mineral acid with an oily, glassy appearance that gave it its earlier name of oil of vitriol....
Bile salt action in the gut

Bile Salts

Definition Bile salts are found in bile, a secretion produced by liver cells to aid digestion. Although bile is 95% water, bile salts are its...
The salivary glands

Submandibular Gland

Definition Submandibular glands are the second-largest salivary gland type, producing around 65% of our saliva when unstimulated (at rest). Located under the jaw, the exocrine...
Metaphase I

Metaphase I

Definition The first metaphase of meisosis I encompasses the alignment of paired chromosomes along the center (metaphase plate) of a cell, ensuring that two complete...
Prophase II

Prophase II

Definition During prophase II of meiosis II, four important steps occur. These are the condensing of chromatin into chromosomes, disintegration of the nuclear envelope, migration...

Aldosterone

Definition Aldosterone (C21H28O5) is a mineralocorticoid hormone compound secreted by the adrenal gland cortex. It is part of the renin angiotensin aldosterone system or RAAS...

Multicellular Fungi

Unicellular fungi like yeast reproduce by budding off daughter cells. Multicellular fungi reproduce by making spores. Mold is a multicellular fungus. It consists of filaments called hyphae that can bunch together into structures called mycelia. Several mycelia grouped together are a mycelium and these structures form the thallus or body of the mold. An example of a multicellular fungus is Rhizopus stolonifera. It is a bread mold that also causes blight in rice seedlings.

The spores of multicellular fungi have both male and female reproductive organs, so these plants reproduce asexually. Spores have been fertilized by the time they are ejected from a plant and carried to new locations by the wind, water, insects and birds. After they reach their final location, spores can survive in very harsh environments and can go dormant until environmental conditions are best for them to grow.

Mycetozoa Ceratiomyxa fruticulosa
The image above shows the slime mold Ceratiomyxa fruticulosa. The tiny white spots are the spores of the plant.

References

  • Fungi. (n.d.). In Lumen Learning. Retrieved January 9, 2018 from https://courses.lumenlearning.com/microbiology/chapter/fungi/